It is not unusual to encounter problems during the calving process. Often these problems can be more easily solved if the producer has more knowledge of the physiological process of calving. There are two common presentations for the calf during calving. The first, which is normal and occurs in about 95 per cent of calvings, is the one in which the calf comes forward with the head tucked between its front legs with its nose a few inches from the tips of the toes.
The second most common presentation is not considered to be normal because of the high incidence of dystocia (calving problems) associated with it. The calf comes backwards with the hind feet first and the legs fully extended. Backwards presentation only occurs in about 5 per cent of calvings. In the case of twins, one calf is often presented backwards with the other one forward.